|Shame won France's Best Foreign Book and was a close runner-up for the Booker Prize||Rushdie called for a reform in Islam in a guest opinion piece printed in and in mid-August 2005: What is needed is a move beyond tradition, nothing less than a reform movement to bring the core concepts of Islam into the modern age, a Muslim Reformation to combat not only the jihadist ideologues but also the dusty, stifling seminaries of the traditionalists, throwing open the windows to let in much-needed fresh air|
|Rushdie includes fictional television and movie characters in some of his writings||UK politics [ ] In the 1980s, in the United Kingdom, he was a supporter of the , and championed measures to end racial discrimination and alienation of immigrant youth and racial minorities|
We all live within and with these narratives.
|Maddie Crum 7 January 2015||, , 6 April 2008|
|In response to the protests, on 22 January 1989 Rushdie published a column in that called Muhammad "one of the great geniuses of world history," but noted that Islamic doctrine holds Muhammad to be human, and in no way perfect||Scott Stewart 22 July 2010|
" Despite the threats on Rushdie personally, he said that his family has never been threatened, and that his mother, who lived in during the later years of her life, even received outpourings of support.24