الدولة الإلخانية. ما موطن العثمانيين و أصلهم

Along with those rebellions, invasions of the of the Chagatai Khanate caused difficulties to Ghazan's military operations in Syria Harlow, UK; New York, New York, USA:
Paris: Librairie Victor Lecoffre, 1904 The Mongols and the West: 1221—1410

Crusading and warfare in the Middle Ages : realities and representations.

3
ويكيبيديا:مراجعة الزملاء/الدولة الإلخانية
, Gerard INT Chaliand, The Mongol Empire, p
الدولة السامانية
But he minted coins with trational Mongolian formula "Struck by the Ilkhan Ghazan in the name of Khagan" in
الإمبراطورية الساسانية
Sulemish welcomed the Mamluks to Anatolia and postponed Ghazan's plan to invade Syria, though two Mongol rebels were defeated by Ghazan
The Mongol Mission: Narratives and Letters of the Franciscan Missionaries in Mongolia and China in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries Although, the traitors were captured and executed, some of notable Mongol nobles began to leave his side
Michaud, Yahia Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies 2002 Languages of the Persian [Section]• Waterson, James 2007 The Knights of Islam: The Wars of the Mamluks

Amitai-Preiss: Mongols and Mamluks: The Mamluk-Ilkhanid War 1260—1281.

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عثمان يتسلم امارة القبائل ويبدأ فى تأسيس دولته ... الحلقة 57 مسلسل المؤسس عثمان مترجمة وبجودة HD
Christensen, A January 2, 1939 , "Sassanid Persia", in Cook, S
عثمان يتسلم امارة القبائل ويبدأ فى تأسيس دولته ... الحلقة 57 مسلسل المؤسس عثمان مترجمة وبجودة HD
, Histoire de l'Empire Mongol, Fayard, p
إلخانات
Antoine Mostaert and Francis Woodman Cleaves
Contains a searchable database for Ilkhanid coins• Turchin, Peter; Adams, Jonathan M ; Hall, Thomas D December 2006
Because he wanted to secure his claim on with the help of the Great Khans of the

The Mongols and the West: 1221—1410.

8
كتب محاضرات في تاريخ الأمم الإسلامية الدولة العباسية
Baltu of the and Sulemish of the revolted against the Ilkhan's rule in in 1296 and 1299
محمود غازان
The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin
الدولة السامانية
A History of the Crusades 3